Gerb
Flag

National Emblem of Uzbekistan

The coat of arms of Uzbekistan is developed taking into account centuries-old national and state experience and traditions. The Law "On the State Emblem of the Republic of Uzbekistan" was adopted on July 2, 1992 at the tenth session of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Uzbekistan. In the center of the coat of arms, a Humo bird with spread wings is depicted - in Uzbek mythology it is a symbol of happiness and freedom. The Uzbek poet Alisher Navoi described the Humo bird as the kindest of all living things. In the upper part of the coat of arms is an octahedron, symbolizing the approval of the republic, inside - a crescent with a star. The image of the sun symbolizes the light that illuminates the path of the Uzbek state, and also emphasizes the unique natural and climatic conditions of the republic. The two rivers depicted under the bird are the Amu Darya and Syr Darya, which flow on the territory of Uzbekistan. Ears are a symbol of bread, stalks with open cotton bolls characterize the main wealth of Uzbekistan. Together, ears of cotton and boxes of cotton, intertwined with the ribbon of the State Flag, symbolize the consolidation of the peoples living in the republic.

National Flag of Uzbekistan

November 18, 1991 The Republic of Uzbekistan has acquired a new State Flag. It consists of three horizontal isometric stripes of saturated blue, white and green colors. The white stripe is edged with red lines above and below. The ratio of length to width is 2: 1. On the upper blue strip are a white crescent and 12 white stars. The blue color of the flag symbolizes the sky and water - two main sources of life. In addition, blue is the original color of the Turkic people to which the Uzbeks belong. It was blue that was the color of the banner of the Central Asian state with its capital in Samarkand, which the famous Timur (Tamerlan) ruled in the last decades of the 14th – early 15th centuries. Thus, the blue bar is a symbol of the vitality of the republic and a sign of historical continuity. The white stripe of the flag is a traditional peace symbol for the population of the republic, a wish for a good journey (ok yul), striving for the moral purity of thoughts and actions. Green is the color of nature, new life (Navruz) and fertility. And besides, green is the color of Islam. Its appearance has a long history when Central Asia in the VIII century A.D. became part of the Arab Caliphate, stretching from France to China. Red stripes framing the middle (white) strip above and below emphasize the vitality of every living organism. This power connects our good, pure thoughts with the eternal sky and real deeds on earth. In addition, the people consider these two strips "blood vessels" that feed the land of Uzbekistan - the Amu-Darya and Syr-Darya rivers. The young crescent on the flag of Uzbekistan is considered as a symbol of the newly born independent Muslim republic. 12 stars on the flag of all nations were considered as a symbol of a cloudless sky. Clear sky is peace, light, prosperity. The veneration of 12 stars reminds of a sunny year beginning with Navruz - the time of the onset of spring. The names of all the months of this calendar (Hamal, Sovr, Javza, Saraton, Assad and others) are simultaneously the names of 12 zodiac constellations in the sky. It should be noted that the symbolism of 12 stars has nothing to do with religious sects and senses. According to the star catalog of Ulugbek, a statesman and scientist and astronomer of the 15th century, the movement of the Sun over the horizon during the year is precisely determined by the location of 12 stars. The 12-year solar cycle in Uzbekistan is called Muchal. In the view of Eastern philosopher scientists, the number 12 is a sign of inclusiveness and perfection. It is assumed that the world in which we live consists of 4 elements: earth, air, water and fire, which appear on three levels: on earth, in heaven and between heaven and earth. 4 elements multiplied by 3 levels just give the number 12, thereby covering the entire universe in which life proceeds. Therefore, 12 stars on the flag should be understood as a symbolic desire for inclusiveness and perfection. The instructions of the philosopher Mirsand Barak and the writings of the famous historian Hondemir also speak of 12 most important rules that should be guided by the statesmen in governing the country: truthfulness, justice, tolerance for dissent, morality, valor, loyalty and other human qualities.

Anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan

The text and music of the National Anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan are approved by the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On the National Anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan" dated December 10, 1992 No. 768-XII. The national anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan is a symbol of state sovereignty of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Deep respect for the National Anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan is the patriotic duty of every citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Music - Mutal Burkhanov
Lyrics - Abdulla Oripov

Серқуёш, ҳур ўлкам, элга бахт, нажот,
Сен ўзинг дўстларга йўлдош, меҳрибон!
Яшнагай то абад илму фан, ижод,
Шуҳратинг порласин токи бор жаҳон!

Chorus:

Олтин бу водийлар — жон Ўзбекистон,
Аждодлар мардона руҳи сенга ёр!
Улуғ халқ қудрати жўш урган замон,
Оламни маҳлиё айлаган диёр!

Бағри кенг ўзбекнинг ўчмас иймони,
Эркин, ёш авлодлар сенга зўр қанот!
Истиқлол машъали, тинчлик посбони,
Ҳақсевар, она юрт, мангу бўл обод!

Chorus:

Олтин бу водийлар — жон Ўзбекистон,
Аждодлар мардона руҳи сенга ёр!
Улуғ халқ қудрати жўш урган замон,
Оламни маҳлиё айлаган диёр!

1
2
3

Filials